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Johor Bahru Holidays Overview
Johor Bahru is the capital of the southern Malaysian state of Johor.his city which is often referred to as JB by most Malaysians is connected to the nearby city state of Singapore via a 1038 meter long bridge which is built over the Johor Straits. This long bridge is known as the Causeway and it offers road, rail, and pedestrian links between Johor Bahru and Singapore.
Johor Bahru was designated as a city only in 1994 and it is today well on its way to becoming Malaysiaís second largest city which is home to nearly million people. The city is largely an industrial city which is also known for its delicious native cuisine.
Johorís history can be traced to the mid -15th century when Malacca fell to the Portuguese. The defeated Sultan of Malacca, Sultan Mahmud Shah fled to Bintan and then founded the sultanate of Johor. His son and heir Sultan Alauddin Shah then moved the capital of Johor to Johor Lama. However the state began to prosper only towards the beginning of the 17th century when the Dutch managed to oust the Portuguese. During this time the state of Johor had political and economic alliances with the Dutch.
The Johor Empire then suffered a setback after the death of Sultan Mahmud in 1699. Johor, like the rest of Malaysian faced much instability and internal strife due to various global factors. In 1824, Johor and the Riau islands came under the influence of the British and the Dutch due to the signing of the Anglo-Dutch Treaty. Johor at that time was ruled by Temmengung Ibrahim, a descendant of Bugis nobles who was a capable administrator. The sultan then opened up Johor to Chinese settlers from Singapore and also encouraged the cultivation of pepper in the state.
Temmengung Ibrahim was succeeded by his son and successor, Abu Bakar who came to power in 1862. The British also formally acknowledged him as the Sultan of Johor in 1885. Abu Bakar formulated Johorís constitution and established a modern administrative system as he moved the stateís capital to Bandar Tanjung Puteri and renamed it Johor Bahru. He was then succeeded by his son Sultan Sir Ibrahim who came to power in 1895 and ruled over the Johor for the next 64 years. During Sultan Sir Ibrahimís reign the Causeway linking Singapore with the Malaysian mainland was constructed.
Sultan Sir Ibrahimís was succeeded by his grandson, Sultan Iskandar who ascended to the throne in 1981 and continues to rule the State of Johor until today.
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holidays - Top Events
Mooncake and Lantern Festival
This festival is usually held in September and during this festival pretty lanterns adorn all parts of Johor and the rest of Malaysia. The Mooncake and Lantern festival came to Malaysia with the Chinese and it symbolizes the peace and prosperity of present-day Malaysia. The celebrations held during this festival feature several parades and other festivities.
Hungry Ghost Festival
This quintessentially Chinese festival is celebrated in Johor and the rest of Malaysia on the on the 15th day of the 7th month on the Chinese calendar. The premise of this festival states that ghosts of the deceased visit earth on this day and in order to keep them happy rituals are performed in homes and temples as food is laid out for the ghosts and paper cuttings of homes and cars are burnt in an effort to appease the ghosts.
Malaysiaís Independence day, the 31st of August is celebrated for over a month before the actual day. These festivities usually last from the 14th of August to the 15th of September and feature dramas with historical theme, street parades and fireworks.
Pasir Gudang Kite Festival
The Johar Kite Festival is held at the nearby city of Pasir Gudang in February every year. This festival attracts both domestic and international kite fliers who compete in contests that extend for more than a week and feature colorful and intricately designed and decorated kites.
holidays - How to Get There
Airlines like Malaysian Airlines, British Airways, Cathay Pacific, Qantas and Thai Airways provide air links to Johor Bahru from Australian cities of Sydney and Melbourne.
Australia doesnít have a diplomatic mission in Johor Bahru but the country has a High Commission in Kuala Lumpur and consulates in Penang, Kota Kinabalu and Kuching .