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Hyderabad Holidays Overview
Hyderabad is the second largest city in the province of Sindh in Pakistan.The city is located on the banks of the historic River Indus and is of extreme importance to paleontologists located the world over as it is located within close proximity to the archeological sites of Harappa and Mohenjo-daro which are believed to be the cradles of ancient civilizations.
The origins of this city of hillocks can be traced to Mian Ghulam Shah Kalhoro of the Kalhora Dynasty who founded this city in 1768. The city at that time consisted of a small fishing village which was known as Neroon Kot. Mian Ghulam Shah Kalhoro ordered a fort to be built on one of the three hills of Hyderabad because he wanted to protect the people of the city that he adored. This fort was called Paco Qillo which translates as ‘strong fort’.
After the death of Kalhoro, the rule of the city passed into the hands of the Talpur rulers. In fact the Talpur ruler Mir Fateh Ali Khan Talpur left his capital in Khudababad and based himself in Hyderabad which then became the capital of the Talpur kingdom. Mir Fateh Ali Khan Talpur took up residence at the Paco Qillo from where he ruled the city with the help of his three brothers. The four brothers were popularly referred to as 'Char Yar' which translates from Sindhi as four friends. During this time Hyderabad was called the 'Paris of India', as its roads were rumored to be washed with rose water and sandal wood incense. The Talpurs ruled Hyderabad for over fifty years before they were defeated by the British in the Battle of Miani in February 1843.
Once the Talpur rule ended in Hyderabad, the British demolished many of the old buildings in order to accommodate their troops and military supplies. During the Indian mutiny of 1857 which is known as the First War of Independence the British used Hyderabad as a base for their storing their regiments and ammunition.
Prior to 1947, Hyderabad was inhabited by a large population of Hindus who were known as Hindu Sindhis. The Hindu Sindhis were essentially a community of traders who handled the export of products that were made Sindhi. During the partition of India in 1947, the Hindu Sindhis were driven out of Hyderabad and forced to immigrate to cities in post-partition India as Sindh became a part of the new country of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. The Hindu Sindhis lost everything as they had to leave behind all their properties and wealth as they fled the communal riots that engulfed the city.
After the partition of Indian subcontinent , the city of Hyderabad was flooded by Muslims called Mohajirs who had immigrated to Hyderabad from cities in India. These Mohajirs were granted lands in the area of Hirabad but subsequently the government also created additional towns called Latifabad and Qasimabad to accommodate these Mohajirs. However the local Muslim Sindhis resented these Mohajirs and frequent clashes broke out between these two groups. These tenuous relationships continue until today even though the two groups live in separate sections of the city, the Muslim Sindhis in Qasimabad and the Mohajirs in Latifabad.
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holidays - Top Events
The city of Hyderabad celebrates all of Pakistan’s many religious festivals like :-
This religious festival is celebrated at the end of the Muslim holy month of Ramadan on the first day of Shawwal. Like all festivals, this event is also celebrated in the company of friends and family and involves the purchasing of new clothes, feasting of good food and exchanging of gifts.
Eid Ul Azha
This day is also known as the Festival of Sacrifice which falls on the 10th day of the month of Dhul Hijja of the lunar Islamic calendar. This festival is celebrated over three days and involves the sacrifice of a sheep, goat or cow to commemorate the willingness of Ibrahim to sacrifice his son Ismael as an act of obedience to God. This event also marks the end of Haj or the annual pilgrimage to Mecca which is undertaken by thousands of Muslims every year.
This is another religious festival which is celebrated by Muslims all over the year. Muslims believe on the night of Shab-e-Barat , Allah(the almighty) determines the destinies of all people for the following year by taking into account their actions of the past. This festival also features prayers, the exchange of sweetmeats, fireworks and visits of family and friends.
The city also celebrates the national holidays of Pakistan Day (which is celebrated to commemorate the anniversary of the Pakistan resolution passed by the Muslims of South Asia on March 23, 1940 at Minto Park) and Independence Day on August 14th.
holidays - How to Get There
Airlines like Qatar, Etihad offer air links to Hyderabad from the Australian cities of Melbourne and Sydney. These journeys usually have stops in hubs like Islamabad and Abu Dhabi after which connections to Hyderabad are offered by Pakistan International Airlines. These journeys are quite long and generally extend over thirty hours.
Australia doesn’t have a diplomatic mission in Hyderabad and the city is served by the Australian Consulate located in Karachi.