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Hangzhou Holidays Overview
Hangzhou is a city which is located in the delta area of the Yangtze River in south east China.
This city which is renowned for its scenic beauty and its famous attraction of the West Lake, is the capital of the Zhejiang Province and is located at a distance of 180 km from the glittering city of Shanghai.
Hangzhou was visited by Marco Polo in the 13th century who was so impressed by its beauty that he declared it to be “the most beautiful and elegant city in the world".
Hangzhou which is situated on the Southern tip of the Grand Canal also features in the list of China’s seven ancient national capitals and its history can be traced back to more than 2200 years. It is believed that the city was founded during the Spring and Autumn Periods (770BC-476BC) on a site bordering theWu and Yue States. Hanghzhou was given its name by the Sui Court (581-618) as it was previously known as Yuhang and Qiantang. The Grand Canal was completed during the reign of the Sui dynasty and this event gave a great impetus to the growth and development of Hangzhou.
Hangzhou went on to further prosper when it became the capital of the Wuyue State during the period of the Five Dynasties and Ten States (907-960). Under the Northern Song Dynasty (960-1127), the city function as the economic and cultural epicenter of the entire country, later on during the reign of the Southern Song Dynasty (1279-1368) Hangzhou was designated as the capital and it continued to function as a capital of the country for the next 152 years. During this time Hangzhou was a major center of international trade and functioned as China’s political and cultural center which was also one of the most populous cities in the world.
Today Hangzhou is no longer the capital of China but it continues to be regarded as the cradle of Chinese civilization which is known for its silk, paper and porcelain products.
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holidays - Top Events
Hangzhou’s event calendar features several unique festivals which the city celebrates in addition to the usual Chinese festivals.
The Dragon Well Tea Festival
The Dragon Well Tea Festival is hosted by the Dragon Well Village in the months of April and May and attracts people from all over who head to Hangzhou to celebrate the entire culture of drinking tea. The festivals feature activities like picking tea, drinking tea and tea ceremonies.
West Lake Lotus Festival
This festival celebrates the lotus flower whose root and seeds are tremendously enjoyed by the Chinese people. The festival is celebrated in the months of July or August at the lakeside of West Lake and features activities like picking lotus seed pods and shelling lotus seeds. The festival also features lotus exhibition and folk drama performances.
Hangzhou Golden Autumn International Tourism Festival
This festival celebrates the boat culture in Hangzhou. The festival features a temple fair, a food festival, a fireworks show and folk performances. This festival is annually held between September and October and is celebrated for a month in Hangzhou. The festival also features smaller festivals like the West Lake Osmanthus Festival, the West Lake International Fireworks Show and the China International Qiantang River Tidal Bore Festival. The last mentioned festival is one of the largest festivals in China that features the phenomenon of the of the Qiantang River Bore. This bore is triggered by the pull of the moon and features a huge wave which is produced by the forces of nature.
holidays - How to Get There
Airlines like Cathay Pacific, Qantas, Air China, China Southern provide air links between the Australian cities of Sydney and Melbourne and Hangzhou.These journeys usually take between 16 to 20 hrs depending on the route that you choose to take and the stops that you are compelled to make.
Australia does not have a diplomatic mission in Hangzhou but the country has its embassy in Beijing and additionally has consulates in Shanghai, Guangzhou and Hong Kong.