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Bogota Holidays Overview
Bogota, the capital of South American country of Colombia is a lively city which is located a height of 2600 meters or 8,660 feet above sea level in the Andean highlands of Colombia. The city is a city of distinct contrasts where the old world and the modern co-exist side by side. Bogota is a unique blend of old world charm consisting of Spanish architecture and new world modernity in the form of towering skyscrapers. Cartagena, the colonial Spanish port of the city is also a major draw with its mediaeval walled town, monasteries, plazas and buildings with suspended balconies.
Bogota was founded by Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada, a Spanish explorer and conquistador who arrived in the area which eventually evolved into Bogota in 1538 while he was on an expedition to find his El Dorado. Quesada was greatly impressed by the land which was enveloped by tall hills and decided to establish a city on the west range of the Andes. He christened this area Santa Fe after his home city of Santa Fe in Granada in Spain. Soon after the name of the city was altered to Santa Fe de Bogota which was derived from its original name ‘Bacata’ which meant planted fields. The name Bacata was what the area’s indigenous peoples, the Muiscas called it.
The name of the city was further shortened to Bogota when it was made the capital of the New Kingdom of Granada which was then included in the Viceroyalty of Peru which was a Spanish controlled administrative district which was governed from Lima. Later on it became the capital of the Viceroyalty of New Granada in 1717. This jurisdiction was then the Spanish colonial establishment in South America that extended over the area that today includes modern Panama, Colombia, Ecuador and Venezuela. The city was a major center of Spanish colonial power in South America.The name of the city was further shortened to Bogota when it was made the capital of the New Kingdom of Granada which was then included in the Viceroyalty of Peru which was a Spanish controlled administrative district which was governed from Lima . Later on it became the capital of the Viceroyalty of New Granada in 1717. This jurisdiction was then the Spanish colonial establishment in South America that extended over the area that today includes modern Panama, Colombia, Ecuador and Venezuela. The city was a major center of Spanish colonial power in South America.
The city was also the birth place of various independence movements and in 1810 its citizens revolted against the Spanish colonists and tried to set up their own government. This move was not very successful and the Spanish soon returned to power and continued to govern the city until Simón Bolívar the great liberator of South America liberated it from the clutches of the Spanish. Bogota was then made the capital of Gran Colombia which was a federation that consisted of the modern countries of Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, and Ecuador. When Gran Colombia was broken up in 1831 it remained as the capital of New Granada which went on to become the Republic of Colombia in 1866.
The years after independence and much of the early 20th century history of Colombia has been characterized by Civil War. In recent years however the drug cartels of Medellin and Cali have dominated events in Colombia and its capital Bogota . Efforts by the present Government to eliminate the influence of these powerful drug cartels and other guerilla insurgents like FARC are an ongoing struggle.
Bogota today is composed of o several main districts namely La Candalaria which is located south of downtown and is the city’s original historic district, Usaquén which is located in the northern part of the city, Chapinero which is part of Bogota’s ‘downtown’ and is a shopping, dining and business and entertainment hub of the city and the Barrios Unidos which is the recreational center of the city which is home to several sporting venues. Bogota is a fascinating city which warrants a visit on any trip to South America.
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holidays - Top Events
The Carnival de Bogotá is the most important event that is held in Bogota annually. The carnival celebrates the city’s Hispanic heritage and is held on August 5th and 6th every year on the anniversary of its foundation. The carnival features several cultural performances, parades, street theater, musical concerts, food shows and also a Children’s carnival. T The epicenter of all this activity is the Parque Metropolitano Simón Bolívar which is a large public park located in the heart of Bogota.
Ibero- American Theater Festival
The Ibero-American Theater Festival is held for two weeks before Easter every two years. This performing arts festival which is also the largest theater festival in the world attracts theater troupes from over fifty countries. The festival which extends over 17 days includes more than 1000 performances which are held in Bogota’s many theaters and public parks.
Rock al Parque((Rock in the Park)
This rock music festival ) which is held in Bogota in June every year is the biggest rock music festival in all of Latin America. The festival which features both international and domestic artists is held in the Simón Bolívar Park. The festival originated in 1995 when it attracted 50,000 fans but this number has grown greatly over the last few years.
The Bogota International Book Fair
The Bogota International Book Fair which is held over two weeks every year is the one of most important events in all of Latin America. The fair attracts authors, publishers, distributors, members of the graphics industry, book lovers and students from all over the Andean region, Central America, the Caribbean and the United States.
holidays - How to Get There
Delta and American Airlines both offer air links from Sydney to Bogota with a stopover in Los Angeles. The flight time of this journey exceeds 25 hours.
The Australian Embassy in Chile administers the consular affairs of the Australian Consulate in Bogota.